Face Anti-spoofing is essential to prevent face recognition systems from a security breach. Much of the progress have been made by the availability of face Anti-spoofing benchmark datasets in recent years.
To facilitate future face Anti-spoofing research, we release a large-scale multi-modal dataset, namely Chalearn CASIA-SURF, which is the largest publicly available dataset for face Anti-spoofing both in terms of subjects and visual modalities. Specifically, it consists of 1, 000 subjects with 21, 000 videos and each sample has 3 modalities (i.e., RGB, Depth and IR).
Thanks Surfing Technology (more information, please see link) to provide this high quality dataset for this research and challenge.
For the evaluation protocol, the live faces and Attacks 4, 5, 6 as the final training set, the live faces and Attacks 1, 2, 3 are used as the validation and test sets for model tuning and final evaluation. This protocol is used for the evaluation of face Anti-spoofing methods under controlled conditions, where training and test set belong to the CASIA-SURF dataset. The main reason that we select the different attack types in the training and test set is to increase the difficulty of face Anti-spoofing detection task. In our experiment, we discover that there is still a big space to improve the performance under the ROC evaluation metric, especially, how to improve the true positive rate (TPR) at the little value of false positive rate (FPR), such as FPR=10e-4
Participants should submit a ZIP file containing only one text file named exactly as required below (do not add any folder in the ZIP). The ZIP file can be named randomly. Each line in the txt file contains four parts and each part is separated by a space. The first three parts are the relative paths of the three modes of each test sample, and the last part is the prediction score that the sample belongs to the real sample.
For Example predict_sample.txt:(Evaluation requirements scores are retained at least 6 decimal places)
Val/0000/000000-color.jpg Val/0000/000000-depth.jpg Val/0000/000000-ir.jpg 0.016802390611
Val/0000/000001-color.jpg Val/0000/000001-depth.jpg Val/0000/000001-ir.jpg 0.643241276169
Val/0000/000002-color.jpg Val/0000/000002-depth.jpg Val/0000/000002-ir.jpg 0.0645019543915
Val/0000/000003-color.jpg Val/0000/000003-depth.jpg Val/0000/000003-ir.jpg 0.775211080741
Val/0000/000004-color.jpg Val/0000/000004-depth.jpg Val/0000/000004-ir.jpg 0.531549083771
For the performance evaluation, we selected the recently standardized ISO/IEC 30107-3 metrics: Attack Presentation Classification Error Rate (APCER), Normal Presentation Classification Error Rate (NPCER) and Average Classification Error Rate (ACER) as the evaluation metric, in which APCER and BPECER are used to measure the error rate of fake or live samples, respectively. Inspired by face recognition, the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve is introduced for large-scale face Anti-spoofing in our dataset, which can be used to select a suitable threshold to trade off the false positive rate (FPR) and true positive rate (TPR) according to the requirement of real applications.
The FINAL evaluation metric is: the value of TPR@FPR=10E-4,
Besides, We also give other metrics, such as TPR@FPR=10E-2, 10E-3 and ACER.
Other metrics used for face Anti-spoofing are defined:
APCER = FP / (TN + FP)
NPCER = FN/(FN + TP)
ACER = (APCER + NPCER) / 2
FPR = FP / (FP + TN)
TPR = TP / (TP + FN)
Submissions must be made before the end of phase 1. This challenge is governed by the general ChaLearn contest rules.
CHALEARN Contest Rules for
CVPR 2019 Workshop on Face Spoofing Attack Workshop and Competition
Common terms used in these rules:
These are the official rules that govern how the Face Spoofing Attack Workshop and Competition promotion will operate. This promotion will be simply referred to as the “contest” or the “challenge” throughout the rest of these rules and may be abbreviated on our website, in our documentation, and other publications as ChaLearn LAP.
In these rules, “organizers”, “we,” “our,” and “us” refer to CHALEARN and MS refer to Microsoft; "participant”, “you,” and “yourself” refer to an eligible contest participant.
SECTION 1 Contest description
This is a skill-based contest and chance plays no part in the determination of the winner(s). The contest consists of four tracks:
(a) Data set introduction. Data is split in three sets: training, validation and test. The training, validation and test sets have 300, 100 and 600 subjects, respectively. For the contest protocol, the live faces and Attacks 4, 5, 6 as the final training set. The training set is used to train the algorithm models while the testing set is used for model selection. Then, the live faces and Attacks 1, 2, 3 are used as the validation and test sets for model tuning final evaluation.
For all the three tracks, eligible entries received will be judged using the criteria described above to determine winners.
SECTION 2 Tentative Contest Schedule
The registered participants will be notified by email of any change in the schedule.
22 December, 2018: Beginning of the quantitative competition, release of development, and validation data(training set with truth labels, validation set without truth labels).
1 March, 2019: Release of encrypted final evaluation data (test data without truth labels, release the truth labels of validation set).
4 March, 2019: Deadline for code submission.
6 March, 2019: Release of final evaluation data decryption key. Participants start predicting the results on the final evaluation data.
10 March, 2019: End of the quantitative competition. Deadline for submitting the predictions over the final evaluation data. The organizers start the code verification by running it on the final evaluation data.
12 March, 2019: Deadline for submitting the fact sheets.
20 March, 2019: Release of the verification results to the participants for review. Participants are invited to follow the paper submission guide for submitting contest papers.
30 March, 2019: Paper submission deadline for submitting their CVPRW paper (following workshop dates).
SECTION 3 Eligibility
You are eligible to enter this contest if you meet the following requirements:
(a) You are an individual or a team of people desiring to contribute to the tasks of the challenge and accepting to follow its rules; and You are NOT a resident of any country constrained by US export regulations included in the OFAC sanction page http://www.treasury.gov/resource-center/sanctions/Programs/Pages/Programs.aspx. Therefore residents of these countries / regions are not eligible to participate; and You are not an employee of CHALEARN or any of the sponsoring or co-organizing entities, including Microsoft; and
(b) You are not involved in any part of the administration and execution of this contest; and
(c) You are not an immediate family (parent, sibling, spouse, or child) or household member of an employee of CHALEARN, Microsoft, or a person involved in any part of the administration and execution of this contest.
This contest is void within the geographic area identified above and wherever else prohibited by law.
If you choose to submit an entry, but are not qualified to enter the contest, this entry is voluntary, and any entry you submit is governed by the remainder of these contest rules; CHALEARN reserves the right to evaluate it for scientific purposes. If you are not qualified to submit a contest entry and still choose to submit one, under no circumstances will such entries qualify for sponsored prizes.
SECTION 4 Entry
To be eligible for judging, an entry must meet the following content/technical requirements:
(a) Entry contents: The participants are required to submit prediction results and code. To be eligible for prizes, the top ranking participants are required to publicly release their code under a license of their choice, taken among popular OSI-approved licenses (http://opensource.org/licenses) and make their code accessible on-line for a period of not less than three years following the end of the challenge (only required for top three ranked participants of each competition track). To be part of the final ranking the participants will be asked to fill out a survey (fact sheet) briefly describing their method. The top ranking participants and the rest of participants are also invited (not mandatory) to submit a maximum 8-page paper for the proceedings of the CVPR 2019 Workshop on Face Spoofing Attack Workshop and Competition. To be eligible for prizes, the top ranked participants' score must improve the baseline performance provided by the challenge organizers.
(b) Pre-requisite: There is no pre-requisite to participate, including no requirement to have participated in previous challenges.
(c) Use of data provided: All data provided by CHALEARN are freely available to the participants from the website of the challenge under license terms provided with the data. The data are available only for open research and educational purposes, within the scope of the challenge. ChaLearn and the organizers make no warranties regarding the database, including but not limited to warranties of non-infringement or fitness for a particular purpose. The copyright of the images remain the property of their respective owners. By downloading and making use of the data, you accept full responsibility for using the data. You shall defend and indemnify ChaLearn and the organizers, including their employees, Trustees, officers and agents, against any and all claims arising from your use of the data. You agree not to redistribute the data without this notice.
(1) Test data:
The organizers will use test data to perform the final evaluation, hence the participants’ final entry will be based on test data.
(2) Training and validation data:
The contest organizers will make available to the participants a training dataset with truth values, and a validation set with no truth values. The validation data will be used by the participants for practice purposes to validate their systems. It will be similar in composition to the test set (validation labels will be provided in the final test stage of the challenge).
(3) Post-challenge analyses:
The organizers may also perform additional post-challenge analyses using extra data, but the results will not affect the ranking of the challenge performed with the test data.
(d) Submission: The entries of the participants will be submitted on-line via the Codalab web platform. During the development period, the participants will receive immediate feed-back on validation data released for practice purpose. For the final evaluation, the results will be computed automatically on test data submissions. The performances on test data will not be released until the challenge is over.
(e) Original work, permissions: In addition, by submitting your entry into this contest you confirm that, to the best of your knowledge:
(1) Your entry is your own original work; and
(2) Your entry only includes material that you own, or that you have permission from the copyright / trademark owner to use.
(f) Minimum performance: Your entry must overperform the baseline entry provided by the organizers.
SECTION 5 Potential use of entry
Other than what is set forth below, we are not claiming any ownership rights to your entry. However, by submitting your entry, you:
(a) Are granting us an irrevocable, worldwide right and license, in exchange for your opportunity to participate in the contest and potential prize awards, for the duration of the protection of the copyrights to:
(1) Use, review, assess, test and otherwise analyze results submitted or produced by your code and other material submitted by you in connection with this contest and any future research or contests sponsored by CHALEARN; and
(2) Feature your entry and all its content in connection with the promotion of this contest in all media (now known or later developed);
(b) Agree to sign any necessary documentation that may be required for us and our designees to make use of the rights you granted above;
(c) Understand and acknowledge that Microsoft and other entrants may have developed or commissioned materials similar or identical to your submission and you waive any claims you may have resulting from any similarities to your entry;
(d) Understand that we cannot control the incoming information you will disclose to our representatives or our co-sponsor’s representatives in the course of entering, or what our representatives will remember about your entry. You also understand that we will not restrict work assignments of representatives or our co-sponsor’s representatives who have had access to your entry. By entering this contest, you agree that use of information in our representatives’ or our co-sponsor’s representatives unaided memories in the development or deployment of our products or services does not create liability for us under this agreement or copyright or trade secret law;
(e) Understand that you will not receive any compensation or credit for use of your entry, other than what is described in these official rules.
If you do not want to grant us these rights to your entry, please do not enter this contest.
SECTION 6 Submission of entries
(a) Follow the instructions on the Codalab website to submit entries.
(b) The participants will be registered as mutually exclusive teams. Each team may submit only one single final entry. We are not responsible for entries that we do not receive for any reason, or for entries that we receive but are not functioning properly.
(c) The participants must follow the instructions. We will automatically disqualify incomplete or invalid entries.
SECTION 7 Judging the entries
The board of CHALEARN will select a panel of judges to judge the entries; all judges will be forbidden to enter the contest and will be experts in computer vision, statistics, machine learning, or a related field, or experts in challenge organization. A list of the judges will be made available upon request. The judges will review all eligible entries received and select three winners for each of the three competition tracks based upon the prediction score on test data. The judges will verify that the winners complied with the rules, including that they documented their method by filling out a fact sheet.
The decisions of these judges are final and binding. The distribution of prizes according to the decisions made by the judges will be made within three (3) months after completion of the last round of the contest. If we do not receive a sufficient number of entries meeting the entry requirements, we may, at our discretion based on the above criteria, not award any or all of the contest prizes below. In the event of a tie between any eligible entries, the tie will be broken by giving preference to the earliest submission, using the time stamp of the submission platform.
SECTION 8 Prizes and Awards
(a) Baidu is the financial sponsor of this contest. There will be travel grants for the winners (based on availability) to boost contest participation; these awards will not require participants to enter into an IP agreement with any of the sponsors, to disclose algorithms, or to deliver source code to them.
(a) Travel awards:
Travel awards and free registrations will be distributed to top ranked participants of each track based upon need and availability.
(b) If for any reason the advertised prize is unavailable, unless to do so would be prohibited by law, we reserve the right to substitute a prize(s) of equal or greater value, as permitted. We will only award one prize per team within each competition track, but the team can obtain prizes from different tracks. If you are selected as a potential winner of this contest:
(1) If your prize is not in cash, you may not exchange your prize for cash; you may not exchange any prize for other merchandise or services.
(2) You may not designate someone else as the winner. If you are unable or unwilling to accept your prize, we will award it to an alternate potential winner.
(3) If you accept a prize, you will be solely responsible for all applicable taxes related to accepting the prize.
(4) If you are a minor in your place of residence, we may award the prize to your parent/legal guardian on your behalf and your parent/legal guardian will be designated as the winner.
SECTION 9 Other Sponsored Events
(1) To stimulate participation, the organizers are making available several channels of scientific paper publication. Publishing papers is optional and will not be a condition to entering the challenge or winning prizes.
(2) The results of the challenge will be published in the CVPR 2019 Workshop.
The organizers may also sponsor other events to stimulate participation.
SECTION 10 Notifications
If there is any change to data, schedule, instructions of participation, or these rules, the registered participants will be notified at the email they provided with the registration.
If you are a potential winner, we will notify you by sending a message to the e-mail address listed on your final entry within seven days following the determination of winners. If the notification that we send is returned as undeliverable, or you are otherwise unreachable for any reason, we may award the prize to an alternate winner, unless forbidden by applicable law.
Winners who have entered the contest as a team will be responsible to share any prize among their members. The prize will be delivered to the registered team leader. If this person becomes unavailable for any reason, the prize will be delivered to be the authorized account holder of the e-mail address used to make the winning entry.
If you are a potential winner, we may require you to sign a declaration of eligibility, use, indemnity and liability/publicity release and applicable tax forms. If you are a potential winner and are a minor in your place of residence, and we require that your parent or legal guardian will be designated as the winner, and we may require that they sign a declaration of eligibility, use, indemnity and liability/publicity release on your behalf. If you, (or your parent/legal guardian if applicable), do not sign and return these required forms within the time period listed on the winner notification message, we may disqualify you (or the designated parent/legal guardian) and select an alternate selected winner.
SECTION 11 On-line notification
We will post changes in the rules or changes in the data as well as the names of confirmed winners (after contest decisions are made by the judges) online on http://gesture.chalearn.org/. This list will remain posted for one year or will be made available upon request by sending email to email@example.com.
SECTION 12 Conditions. By entering this contest you agree:
(a) To abide by these official rules;
(b) To the extent allowable under applicable law, to release and hold harmless CHALEARN and sponsors, their respective parents, subsidiaries, affiliates, employees and agents from any and all liability or any injury, loss, damage, right, claim or action of any kind arising from or in connection with this contest or any prize won save for residents of the United Kingdom, Chile, Korea, Greece, Brazil, Turkey, Hong Kong, France and Germany with respect to claims resulting from death or personal injury arising from CHALEARN’s and Microsoft and University of Barcelona’s negligence, for residents of the United Kingdom with respect to claims resulting from the tort of deceit or any other liabilities that may not be excluded by law, and for residents of Australia in respect of any implied condition or warranty the exclusion of which from these official rules would contravene any statute or cause any part of these official rules to be void;
(c) That CHALEARN’s decisions will be final and binding on all matters related to this contest; and
(d) That by accepting a prize, CHALEARN and competition sponsors may use your team name, your name, and your place of residence online and in print, or in any other media, in connection with this contest, without payment or compensation to you. The declaration of eligibility, use, indemnity and liability/publicity release provided to the potential winner will make reference to obtaining his/her free consent to use his/her name and place of residence. In any case, the lack of such consent does not prevent the winner from receiving the prize.
(e) This contest will be governed by the laws of the state of California, and you consent to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the courts of the state of California for any disputes arising out of this contest. For residents of Austria only: you may withdraw your submission from this contest within seven days of your entry. If you withdraw within seven days of entry, your submission will be returned to you, and we will not make any use of your submission in the future. However, you will not be eligible to win a prize. If you do not withdraw within seven days of entry, you will be bound by the provisions of these official rules. For residents of the United Kingdom only: the provisions of the contracts (rights of third parties) act 1999 will not apply to this agreement. For residents of New Zealand only: the provisions of the contracts (privity) act of 1982 will not apply to this agreement.For Quebec residents: any litigation respecting the conduct or organization of a publicity contest may be submitted to the Régie des Alcools, des Courses et des Jeux for ruling. Any litigation respecting the awarding of a prize may be submitted to the Régie only for the purpose of helping the parties reach a settlement. For residents of Israel only: this agreement does not entitle third parties to benefits under this agreement as defined in Chapter “D” of the Contracts Act (General Part) – 1973.
SECTION 13 Unforeseen event
If an unforeseen or unexpected event (including, but not limited to: someone cheating; a virus, bug, or catastrophic event corrupting data or the submission platform; someone discovering a flaw in the data or modalities of the challenge) that cannot be reasonably anticipated or controlled, (also referred to as force majeure)affects the fairness and / or integrity of this contest, we reserve the right to cancel, change or suspend this contest. This right is reserved whether the event is due to human or technical error. If a solution cannot be found to restore the integrity of the contest, we reserve the right to select winners based on the criteria specified above from among all eligible entries received before we had to cancel, change or suspend the contest subject to obtaining the approval from the Régie des Alcools, des Courses et des Jeux with respect to the province of Quebec.
Computer “hacking” is unlawful. If you attempt to compromise the integrity or the legitimate operation of this contest by hacking or by cheating or committing fraud in any way, we may seek damages from you to the fullest extent permitted by law. Further, we may ban you from participating in any of our future contests, so please play fairly.
SECTION 14 Sponsor
ChaLearn is the sponsor of this contest.
955 Creston Road
Berkeley, CA 94708, USA
Microsoft, University of Barcelona, Université Paris Saclay, Human Pose Recovery and Behavior Analysis group, and INAOE, are the co-sponsors of this contest. Additional sponsors can be added during the competition period.
Start: Dec. 22, 2018, midnight
Description: Release the train dataset with label, and valid dataset without label.
Start: March 6, 2019, midnight
Description: Release the valid label, and test dataset without label.
Start: March 10, 2019, midnight
Description: Competition Ends
March 10, 2019, midnight
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